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NOSE BLEEDS

Nose bleeds (Epistaxis) are rare in infancy, but become common in childhood. Their frequency decreases in puberty. Common causes include digital trauma, foreign objects in the nose, dry air, and inflammation. In addition, they may be caused by upper respiratory infections,...
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Diaper Rash

Diaper rashes are common in infants and young children. Diaper rashes can vary from a mild redness (the most common kind) to painful open sores in the area of the abdomen, buttocks, genitals, and within the folds of the thighs. The causes are many, as are the prescriptions and...
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Conjunctivitis (Pink Eye)

Conjunctivitis, commonly known as “pink eye”, is an inflammation of the membrane (conjunctiva) that covers the white part of the eye and lines the inner surface of the eyelid. There are three main causes of conjunctivitis. One cause involves the introduction of either...
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Vomiting and Diarrhea

Most vomiting in infants and children is caused by a viral infection of the stomach (viral gastroenteritis). Occasionally, it may be caused by eating something that is spoiled (food poisoning). Vomiting usually lasts less than 24 hours. Treatment is directed towards preventing...
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Constipation

Symptoms: Hard, dry stools that come infrequently. Sometimes cause pain and bleeding during BM. No BM longer than 4 days (exception – exclusively breast fed infants may go longer periods up to 7 days). Treatment: Infant (0 – 2 months) Try using a well lubricated...
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Croup, Barky Cough

Symptoms: Tight, low pitched barky cough (seal like bark). Voice or cry hoarse sounding. Child may have stridor – crowing like noise when child breathes in as croup becomes worse. Symptoms tend to increase in the evening and last for 5 -6 days. Associated symptoms include...
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Head Injuries

Symptoms: Strike or blow of the head, may not always include loss of consciousness. If loss of consciousness call office immediately. If child remains unconscious or looks critically ill – call 911. Treatment (if no loss of consciousness): Clean any scrapes or cuts with...
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Sore Throat

Symptoms: Pain or discomfort in the throat, worsens with swallowing. Child under 2 years of age doesn’t know how to complain of a sore throat, but may refuse previously enjoyed foods or cry with feedings. Treatment: Gargle with warm salt water (1 tsp. per 8 oz glass of...
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Congestion, Cough

Symptoms: Runny or stuffy nose (drainage may be clear, cloudy, yellow or green). Associated symptoms: fever, sore throat, cough, red eyes. The average child will have as many as 8 colds per year. Children in day care setting may get a cold every 2-3 weeks during the winter...
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Fever

Symptoms: Elevation of the normal body temperature. Fever is a friend – it helps the body fight infection. Fever is not dangerous and will never go high enough to cause harm (even when over 104 F). Fever is often higher in the evening and lower in the morning. Fever should...
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